ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข

ืžื•ื›ืึทืžืึทื“ ืฉืึทืจืงืึทื•ื•ื™
2023-11-13T13:01:33+00:00
ืึทืœื’ืขืžื™ื™ื ืข ืื™ื ืคึฟืึธืจืžืึทืฆื™ืข
ืžื•ื›ืึทืžืึทื“ ืฉืึทืจืงืึทื•ื•ื™ื’ืขื–ื•ื›ื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš: ืžืึธืกื˜ืคืึท ืึทื”ืžืขื“8 ืžื™ื ื•ื˜ ืฆื•ืจื™ืงืœืขืฆื˜ืข ื“ืขืจื”ื™ื™ึทื ื˜ื™ืงืŸ: 7 ืžื™ื ื•ื˜ ืฆื•ืจื™ืง

ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข

ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืึท ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ืื•ืคึฟืŸ ื•ื•ืึธืก ื™ื ื•ื•ืึทืœื•ื•ื– ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขืžืึธืœื˜ ืžืึทืœื˜ืึทืคึผืœื™ื™ื™ื ื’ ืขืก ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืคืืจืœืื ื’ื˜ ืกื•ืžืข.

ืฆื• ื˜ืึธืŸ ื“ืึธืก, ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆืขื˜ื™ื™ืœื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš 100 ืฆื• ื‘ื™ื™ึทื˜ืŸ ืฆื• ืึท ื“ืขืฆื™ืžืึทืœ.
ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคืึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜, ืขืก ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึธื ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ืขื“ ืฆื• ื“ื™ ื‘ืจืึธื›ืฆืึธืœ 5/100 ืึธื“ืขืจ 1/20.

  • ื“ืขืจื ืึธืš ื“ื™ ื‘ืจืึธื›ืฆืึธืœ ืื™ื– ื’ืขืžืขืจื˜ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข ืฆื• ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ื•ื•ื™ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜.Ezoic
  • ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื•ื™ื‘ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข ืื™ื– 100 ืคื•ื ื˜, 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืขืก ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ืžืึทืœื˜ืึทืคึผืœื™ื™ื™ื ื’ ืขืก ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ื‘ืจืึธื›ืฆืึธืœ 1/20, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– 100 * (1/20) = 5 ืคื•ื ื˜.
  • ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ื•ื•ืขื’, 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืึทื•ื•ื•ืกื˜ ืกื•ืžืข ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“.

ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข

ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“?

  • ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื™ื– ืึท ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ื’ืขืฆื™ื™ื’ ืื™ืŸ ืคื™ืœืข ืคืขืœื“ืขืจ, ืฆื™ ืื™ืŸ ืžืื˜ืขืžืื˜ื™ืง, ืกื˜ืึทื˜ื™ืกื˜ื™ืง, ืขืงืึธื ืึธืžื™ืง, ืืื–"ื• ื•.Ezoic
  • ื’ืขื ื•ืฆื˜ ืฆื• ืžืขืกื˜ืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืŸ ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื™ื›ื•ืช ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ืึท ื˜ื™ื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ืึทื ืฅ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜.

ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ืžื™ื˜ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืžืขื˜ื”ืึธื“ืก, ืฆื™ ืื™ืจ ืคืึทืจืœืึธื–ืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืžืึทื˜ืึทืžืึทื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช ืึธื“ืขืจ ื ื™ืฆืŸ ืึท ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ.
ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ 15% ืคื•ืŸ 500, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทืŸ 15% ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžื ื”ื’ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ืฉืจื™ื™ึทื‘ ืงืขืกื˜ืœ, ืื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืื•ื™ื˜ืึธืžืึทื˜ื™ืฉ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ื‘ืื–ื™ืจื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืคืืœื’ืขื ื“ืข ืคืึธืจืžื•ืœืข: ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ = (ืคืืจืœืื ื’ื˜ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ / ื’ืึทื ืฅ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜) x 100%.

  • ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจืฆื•, ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจ ื•ื•ืขื’, ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ื“ื•ืจืš ื ื™ืฆืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ืขื–ืขืฅ.Ezoic
  • ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคืึทืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืึทืจื”ืขืœื˜ืขื ื™ืฉ 2:4 (2 ืื™ื‘ืขืจ 4), ื“ื™ ืงื•ื•ืึธื˜ื™ืขื ื˜ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜.

ืฆื• ืคืึทืกื™ืœืึทื˜ื™ื™ื˜ ื“ืขื ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขืก ืคื•ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜, ืึท ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื™ื ื˜.
ื•ื•ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ ืื™ื– ื’ืขืžืขืจื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ืžืึทืœื˜ืึทืคึผืœื™ื™ื™ื ื’ 100 (ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ืžืึทืœื˜ืึทืคึผืœื™ื™ื™ื ื’ 1000 ื“ื•ืจืš 5), ื“ืึทืŸ ื“ืจื™ื ื’ืœืขืš ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืกื™ืžื‘ืึธืœ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ, ืื•ืŸ ื“ืจื™ืงืŸ ื“ื™ ื™ืงื•ื•ืึทืœื– ืกื™ืžื‘ืึธืœ, ืฆื• ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืŸ ื“ื™ ืœืขืฆื˜ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜.

  • ื“ืขืจืฆื•, ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ืœื™ื™ื’ืŸ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืึทืจืึธืคึผืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื–, ืื™ืจ ืžื•ื–ืŸ ืขืจืฉื˜ืขืจ ื’ืขืจ ื–ื™ื™ ืฆื• ื“ืขืฆื™ืžืึทืœืก ืึธื“ืขืจ ืคืจืึทืงืฉืึทื ื–.Ezoic
  • ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืขื ื™ืฆื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืคื™ืœืข ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช ืื•ืŸ ืึทืคึผืœืึทืงื™ื™ืฉืึทื ื–, ืฆื™ ืื™ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืึทืงืึทื“ืขืžื™ืง ื’ืจืึทื“ืขืก ื“ื•ืจืš ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื“ื™ ืึทืงืึทื“ืขืžื™ืง ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ (ื“ื™ ื’ืึทื ืฅ ื’ืจืึทื“ืขืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืชึผืœืžื™ื“ รท ื“ื™ ื’ืึทื ืฅ) X 100, ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆื™ืขืœ ืจื™ื™ืฉื™ืึธื•ื–, ืคืึทืจืฉืคึผืจื™ื™ื˜ื•ื ื’ ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืจืึทืคื™ืฅ, ืืื–"ื• ื•.
  • ืื™ืŸ ืงื•ืจืฅ, ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืึท ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื™ื– ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ืื•ืŸ ื ื™ื™ื˜ื™ืง ืื™ืŸ ืคื™ืœืข ืคืขืœื“ืขืจ.
ื•ื•ื™ ืื–ื•ื™ ืฉืจื™ื™ื‘ื˜ ืžืขืŸ 5 ืคืจืืฆืขื ื˜?

ื•ื•ื™ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื“ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ?

  • ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืึท ื™ืงืขืจื“ื™ืง ื‘ืึทื’ืจื™ืฃ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืžืขื ื˜ืฉืŸ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื–ื™ื™ืขืจ ื˜ืขื’ืœืขืš ืœืขื‘ืŸ.Ezoic
  • ื”ื™ื™ึทื ื˜ ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขืœืŸ ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืŸ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ ืื•ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื ื•ืฆื™ืง ืึทืคึผืคึผืก.

ืื•ื™ืฃ ืจื•ื‘ึฟ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจืก, ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื’ืขืคึฟื™ื ืขืŸ ืึท ืฉืœื™ืกืœ ื“ืขื“ืึทืงื™ื™ื˜ืึทื“ ืฆื• ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื–.
ื ื™ืฆืŸ ื“ืขื ืฉืœื™ืกืœ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืœื™ื™ื›ื˜ ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ื“ื•ืจืš ืึทืจื™ื™ึทืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืืจืœืื ื’ื˜ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ.

  • ื“ืึธ ืก ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืžื™ื˜ ืึท ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ:Ezoic
  1. ืึธื ื”ื™ื™ื‘ ืžื™ื˜ ืฉืจื™ื™ื‘ืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ.
  2. ื“ืจื•ืง ื“ืขื ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืฉืœื™ืกืœ (ื™ื•ื–ืฉืึทื•ื•ืึทืœื™ ืจืขืคึผืจื™ื–ืขื ื˜ื™ื“ ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ ืกื™ืžื‘ืึธืœ "%").
  3. ื˜ื™ืคึผ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืึท ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜.Ezoic
  4. ื“ืจื•ืง ื“ืขื ืฆื™ื™ื›ืŸ ืฉืœื™ืกืœ (=) ืฆื• ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜.
  • ืึทื–ื•ื™ ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื’ืขืฉื•ื•ื™ื ื“ ืื•ืŸ ืœื™ื™ื›ื˜ ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืื•ื™ืฃ ืึท ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ.

ืึธื‘ืขืจ, ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ืฉื™ืฅ ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ืขืงืกืกืขืœ ืฉื™ืฅ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ืฉื™ืฅ, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืื•ื™ืš ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืžื™ื˜ ื–ื™ื™.
ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ื, ื“ื™ ื›ืขื–ืฉื‘ืŸ ืื™ื– ืขื ืœืขืš ืึธื‘ืขืจ ืžื™ื˜ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ื ืึธืš ืกื˜ืขืคึผืก.

Ezoic

ืขืก ืื™ื– ืึท ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ื™ืงื•ื•ื™ื™ื–ืฉืึทืŸ ืึทื– ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ืึธื›ื’ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ืึทืŸ ืขืงืกืกืขืœ ื‘ืœืึทื˜ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืžืึทื˜ืึทืžืึทื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ ื˜ื™ืฉืŸ.
ื’ื™ื™ ื“ื™ ืคืืœื’ืขื ื“ืข ืกื˜ืขืคึผืก:

  1. ื˜ื™ื™ืœืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืืจืœืื ื’ื˜ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ ื“ื•ืจืš ื“ื™ ื’ืึทื ืฅ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜.
  2. ืžืขืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜ ืžื™ื˜ 100.Ezoic
  3. ื“ืขืจ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜ ืื™ื– ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื’ืขื‘ืขื˜ืŸ ื•ื•ืขืจื˜.

ื™ืœืœื•ืกื˜ืจืึทื˜ื™ื•ื• ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ:
ื–ืืœ ืก ื–ืึธื’ืŸ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืœืขืฆื˜ ืžื™ื™ื ื•ื ื’ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธื‘ืข.
ืื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ 80 ืžืึทืจืงืก ืคื•ืŸ 100.

  1. ื˜ื™ื™ืœืŸ 80 รท 100 = 0.8
  2. ืžืขืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜ ืžื™ื˜ 100 => 0.8 ืจืขื ื˜ื’ืขื  100 = 80
  • ืึทื–ื•ื™, ื“ื™ ืžื™ื™ื ื•ื ื’ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ ืื™ื– 80%.
  • ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ืžืขื˜ื”ืึธื“ืก, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืœื™ื™ื›ื˜ ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืื•ืŸ ื‘ืึทืงื•ืžืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜ืŸ ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื™ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืึท ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืื™ืŸ ืกืคึผืจืขื“ืฉื™ืฅ.

ืฆื™ ื ื™ื˜ ื–ืึธืจื’ ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืžืขืจ ื”ื™ืœืฃ.
ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ื˜ ืฉื˜ืขื ื“ื™ืง ืคืึทืจืœืึธื–ื  ืื•ื™ืฃ ื•ื•ืขื‘ืกื™ื˜ืขืก ืื•ืŸ ืึธื ืœื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื˜ืึธืจื™ืึทืœื– ื•ื•ืึธืก ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทื–ืŸ ืื™ืจ ืฉืจื™ื˜-ื“ื•ืจืš-ืฉืจื™ื˜ ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ื ื™ืฆืŸ ืึท ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ ืื•ืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืึทืคึผืคึผืก.

 

ื•ื•ื™ ืื–ื•ื™ ืฉืจื™ื™ื‘ื˜ ืžืขืŸ ื”ื•ื ื“ืขืจื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืฆื™ืคืขืจืŸ?

ืึทื“ื•ื•ืึทื ื˜ืึทื’ืขืก ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ื›ืขื–ืฉื‘ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืึทื

ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ื”ืขื›ืขืจื•ื ื’ ืคื•ืŸ ื˜ืขื›ื ืึธืœืึธื’ื™ืข ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื“ืกืคึผืจืขื“ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืงืึธืžืคึผื™ื•ื˜ืขืจืก ืื•ืŸ ืกืžืึทืจื˜ืคืึธื ืขืก, ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ืืจืŸ ื’ืจื™ื ื’ืขืจ ืื•ืŸ ืคืึทืกื˜ืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ ืืœืฅ ืคืจื™ืขืจ.
ืฆื•ื•ื™ืฉืŸ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืฆื™ืง ืžื’ื™ืœื” ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคืขืœื“, ื“ื™ ื‘ืึทืจื™ืžื˜ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืึทื ืื™ื– ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืฉืคึผื™ืฅ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ืขืจ ืจืฉื™ืžื”.

ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื›ื•ื•ืืจื’ ืึธืคืคืขืจืก ืคื™ืœืข ืึทื“ื•ื•ืึทื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืฆื• ื ื™ืฆืขืจืก.
ืขืก ื’ื™ื˜ ืึท ืฉื ืขืœ ืื•ืŸ ืคืึทืจืœืึธื–ืœืขืš ืœื™ื™ื–ื•ื ื’ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื–, ืจืึทื’ืึทืจื“ืœืึทืก ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืœืขื ื’ ืคื•ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ ืึธื“ืขืจ ื“ื™ ืžืึทื˜ืึทืžืึทื˜ื™ืงืึทืœ ืงืึทืžืคึผืœืขืงืกื™ื˜ื™ื– ืคึฟืึทืจื‘ื•ื ื“ืŸ ืžื™ื˜ ื–ื™ื™.

ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืึทื ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื•ื•ืขืจืŸ ื’ืขื ื•ืฆื˜ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ื‘ื™ื™ื“ืข ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ืื•ืŸ ืงืึธืžืคึผืœื™ืฆื™ืจื˜ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื–.
ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื“ืึทืจืคึฟืŸ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืึท ืกืคึผืขืฆื™ืคื™ืฉ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืึท ื ื•ืžืขืจ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืกื•ืžืข, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทื ืฉืจื™ื™ึทื‘ ืงืขืกื˜ืœ ืื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืึทื ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืื™ืจ.

ืื™ื™ื ืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืžืขืจืกื˜ ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ืึทื“ื•ื•ืึทื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืคื•ืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ื›ืขื–ืฉื‘ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืึทื ืื™ื– ื–ื™ื™ึทืŸ ืึทื•ื•ื™ื™ืœืึทื‘ื™ืœืึทื˜ื™ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืขืงืกืกืขืœ ืคึผืœืึทื˜ืคืึธืจืžืข.
ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื–ืขื ื˜ ืึท ื‘ืึทื ื™ืฆืขืจ ืคื•ืŸ ืขืงืกืกืขืœ 2020, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ื“ื™ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืึทืคึผืœืึทืงื™ื™ืฉืึทืŸ ื’ืขื‘ื•ื™ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืขืก ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืœื™ื™ื›ื˜.

  • ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธื’ืจืึทื ื™ืœื™ืžืึทื ื™ื™ืฅ ื“ื™ ื ื•ื™ื˜ ืคึฟืึทืจ ืžืึทื ื•ืึทืœ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช, ื•ื•ื™ื™ึทืœ ืขืก ืึทืœืึทื•ื– ืื™ืจ ืฆื• ื ื•ืฅ ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ื’ืขื‘ื•ื™ื˜-ืื™ืŸ ืคืึธืจืžื•ืœืึทืก ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื–.

ื“ื™ ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื›ื•ื•ืืจื’ ืื™ื– ื ื™ืฉื˜ ืœื™ืžื™ื˜ืขื“ ื‘ืœื•ื™ื– ืฆื• ืคึผืฉื•ื˜ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช.
ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืืคื™ืœื• ื ื•ืฆืŸ ืขืก ืื™ืŸ ืงื™ื™ืคืœ ืึทืคึผืœืึทืงื™ื™ืฉืึทื ื– ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืขื ื“ืขืจื•ื ื’ืขืŸ, ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ื“ื™ืคืขืจืึทื ืกื™ื– ืึธื“ืขืจ ืืคื™ืœื• ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืคื•ืŸ ืขื˜ืœืขื›ืข ืคืึทืจืฉื™ื“ืขื ืข ื•ื•ืึทืœื•ืขืก.

  • ื“ืึทื ืง ืฆื• ื“ื™ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื›ื•ื•ืืจื’, ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืื™ื– ื’ืขื•ื•ืืจืŸ ื’ืจื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ื™ืงืกื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’.
  • ื ื™ืฆืŸ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืงืึทืœืงื•ืœืึทื˜ืึธืจ ื•ื•ื™ื™ื›ื•ื•ืืจื’, ืื™ืจ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืื™ืฆื˜ ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืงื™ื™ืŸ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื•ื™ืฃ ืึทืŸ ื’ืจื™ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ืฉื ืขืœ ื•ื•ืขื’ ื“ื•ืจืš ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืึทืจื™ื™ึทืŸ ื“ื™ ืคืืจืœืื ื’ื˜ ื•ื•ืึทืœื•ืขืก.

ื•ื•ื™ ืคื™ืœ ื˜ื•ื˜ 50 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืžื™ื™ื ืขืŸ?

  • ื ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืฉื™ื™ืš ืฆื• ืึท ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ืึธืก ืื™ื– ืึท ื‘ืจืึธื›ืฆืึธืœ ืคื•ืŸ 100 (ื–ื™ื™ึทืŸ ื“ืขื ืึธืžื™ื ืึทื˜ืึธืจ ืื™ื– 100).
  • ืคึฟืึทืจ ื‘ื™ื™ึทืฉืคึผื™ืœ, ืื•ื™ื‘ ืžื™ืจ ื”ืึธื‘ืŸ ืึท ื ื•ืžืขืจ ื•ื•ื™ 80, 50 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ ืขืก ื•ื•ืึธืœื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื™ ื”ืึทืœื‘, ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื“ืขืจ ืขื ื˜ืคืขืจ ืื™ื– 40 (80 ืจืขื ื˜ื’ืขื  50/100).

"50 ืคืจืืฆืขื ื˜" ืื™ื– ื ื‘ื™ื™ืฉืคื™ืœ ืคื•ืŸ ื ืคืจืืฆืขื ื˜, ืื•ื™ื‘ ื ืงืœื•ื‘ ืึธืคืคืขืจืก 50 ืคืจืืฆืขื ื˜ ืึทืจืึธืคึผืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืื•ื™ืฃ ื“ื™ ืคืจื™ื™ื– ืคื•ืŸ ื ื–ืืš ื•ื•ืืก ืื™ื– ื•ื•ืขืจื˜ 2000 ืจื™ืืœ, ื“ื™ ืกื•ืžืข ื•ื•ืืก ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ืขื˜ ืฉืคืืจืŸ ืื™ื– 1000 ืจื™ืืœ (2000 ืจืขื ื˜ื’ืขื  50/100).

ืื•ื™ื‘ ืื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืฆื• ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืคื™ืœ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ 50 ืื™ื– ื’ืœื™ื™ึทืš ืฆื•, ืžื™ืจ ื˜ื™ื™ืœืŸ ื“ื™ ืคื™ื ืคื˜ ืžื™ื˜ 100 ืื•ืŸ ืžืขืจืŸ ื“ื™ ืจืขื–ื•ืœื˜ืึทื˜ ืžื™ื˜ ื“ื™ ื ื•ืžืขืจ.
ืื™ืŸ ื“ืขื ืคืึทืœ, ืื•ื™ื‘ ืžื™ืจ ื•ื•ื™ืœืŸ ืฆื• ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ 50, ื“ื™ ืœื™ื™ื–ื•ื ื’ ืื™ื– ื•ื•ื™ ื’ื™ื™ื˜:

5 รท 100 = 0.05
0.05 ร— 50 = 2.5

  • ืึทื–ื•ื™ 5 ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืคื•ืŸ 50 ื™ืงื•ื•ืึทืœื– 2.

ื“ืขืจ ืคึผืจืึธืฆืขื ื˜ ืื•ืคึฟืŸ ืงืขื ืขืŸ ืื•ื™ืš ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื™ื ื˜ ืื™ืŸ ืคื™ืœืข ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืกื™ื ืขืจื™ืึธื•ื–, ืึทื–ืึท ื•ื•ื™ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ืคึผืจื™ื™ึทื– ื“ื™ืกืงืึทื•ื ืฅ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืงืึทืœืงื™ืึทืœื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื™ื ืงืจื™ืกืึทื– ืื™ืŸ ืคืืจืงื•ื™ืคื•ื ื’ ืื•ืŸ ืื ื“ืขืจืข ืคื™ื ืึทื ืฆื™ืขืœ ืึทืคึผืขืจื™ื™ืฉืึทื ื–.

ืœืขืกืึธืฃ, ืคืืจืฉื˜ืื ื“ ืคื•ืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ืคื™ืขืกืขืก ืึท ื•ื•ื™ื›ื˜ื™ืง ืจืึธืœืข ืื™ืŸ ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ื˜ืขื’ืœืขืš ืœืขื‘ืŸ, ืฆื™ ืžื™ืจ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืฉืึทืคึผื™ื ื’ ืึธื“ืขืจ ืึธื ืคื™ืจื•ื ื’ ืื•ื ื“ื–ืขืจ ืคื™ื™ื ืึทื ืกื™ื–.
ืึทื–ื•ื™ ื•ื•ื™ืกืŸ ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื• ืจืขื›ืขื ืขืŸ ืคึผืขืจืกืขื ื˜ื™ื“ื–ืฉื™ื– ื’ื™ื˜ ืื•ื ื“ื– ืึท ื’ืจืขืกืขืจืข ืงืึธื ื˜ืจืึธืœ ืื™ื‘ืขืจ ื’ืขืœื˜ ืื•ืŸ ื ื•ืžืขืจืŸ.

ืœืึธื–ืŸ ืึท ื‘ืึทืžืขืจืงื•ื ื’

ื“ื™ื™ืŸ E- ื‘ืจื™ื•ื• ืึทื“ืจืขืก ื•ื•ืขื˜ ื ื™ืฉื˜ ื–ื™ื™ืŸ ืืจื•ื™ืก.ืžืึทื ื“ืึทื˜ืึธืจื™ ืคืขืœื“ืขืจ ื–ืขื ืขืŸ ืื ื’ืขื•ื•ื™ื–ืŸ ื“ื•ืจืš *